Developing the Role of Intermediaries in the Creative Tourism Value Chain Case Study: A Cultural Travel to the West Europe

Mehrnoosh Bastenegar

Volume 6, Issue 2 , December 2023, , Pages 145-158

https://doi.org/10.22133/ijtcs.2024.442674.1158

Abstract
  Tourist development today, coupled with advancements in information and communication technology, has rendered the traditional tourism value chain inefficient. Certain segments of the chain lack functionality or exhibit very weak functionality, failing to create added value. Among these segments are ...  Read More

Creativity in Tour Guides with an Emphasis on Cultural Intelligence

Zahra KouchakI Motlagh; Ali Hasani; Mehrnoosh Bastenegar

Volume 6, Issue 1 , March 2023, , Pages 183-202

https://doi.org/http://doi.org/10.22133/IJTCS.2023.418557.1142

Abstract
  Tour guides are considered as one of the key players within the tourism supply chain, serving as direct interfaces with visitors and acting as cultural mediators between diverse cultures. They exert a significant influence on tourists' intentions for repeat visits. Nowadays, tourists are not merely seeking ...  Read More

Spiritual understanding and experience in the creative tourism of gastronomy

Mehrnoosh Bastenegar; Ali Hassani

Volume 3, Issue 2 , March 2019, , Pages 43-67

https://doi.org/10.22133/ijts.2019.157766.1017

Abstract
  By producing the paradigm of creative tourism, the knowledge increasing discipline of tourism invites tourists to visit and interact with the unique and live culture of societies instead of just sightseeing in museums and ancient monuments. In this paradigm, tourists engage all of their senses in the ...  Read More

Components of Spirituality in Creative Tourism

Ali Hasani; Mehrnoosh Bastenegar

Volume 1, Issue 1 , December 2016, , Pages 67-90

https://doi.org/10.22133/ijts.2016.43077

Abstract
  Spirituality is a universal and human phenomenon which is not restricted to any religions or religious groups. In fact, spiritual experiences are thought of as special human experiences which give meaning to life. Such enlightening experiences make man connect to a higher being. Therefore, spiritual ...  Read More